If you are not on a tour where ground transportation is provided, the best way to see Namibia is by car. Arterial paved roads, like the TransCaprivi and TransKalahari highways, safely link all corners of Namibia and allow visitors to explore the country at a fraction of the cost. Where these paved roads end, the adventure begins, though even the gravel routes are more than manageable in most cases.
That said, while self-driving is completely safe and recommended, it's not for everyone. You need to work in adequate time into your itinerary, not just for the actual drive, but also for stops along the way. Prices for renting a vehicle of course vary by model, but the extra charge for a sturdy 4x4 is something worth considering for the added clearance and power benefits should you venture off the beaten path. Something you're bound to do.Many major rental companies operate all throughout Namibia, including at Hosea Kutako airport: Avis, Budget, Imperial, Triple Three Car Hire.
Trans-Namib Railwaysconnects most of the major towns, but be prepared for lengthy journeys as trains tend to stop at every post. First and second-class carriages are available with light refreshments offered on some services. On overnight voyages, seats in first class compartments convert to four couchettes and those in second class to six couchettes.
The Desert Express, a luxury train aimed at tourists, runs between Swakopmund and Windhoek. The 19 hour 30 minute journey includes several stops giving travelers the opportunity to watch lions feeding, see the Namib Desert, walk in the sand dunes and admire the stars. A three-course dinner and overnight accommodation are included in the ticket price.Chartered Flights: An entire network of charter flight services offer a quick and easy way to explore Namibia. The advantage is more can be seen in a shorter period of time, although the cost for such a convenience is obviously higher and space is limited.
Air Namibia also offers many scheduled domestic flights between cities such as Tsumeb, Rundu, Katima Mulilo, Luderitz, Swakopmund, and Oshakati and Ondangwa.
A few bus lines operate in Namibia and in surrounding counties providing an affordable alternative when travelling between some of the large cities and towns.
- Intercape Mainliner runs direct overnight services from Windhoek to Cape Town four times a week, as well as services to Johannesburg via Upington.
- Trans-Namib's Star Line Buses travel to Bethanie, Buitepos, Gobabis, Gochas, Grootfontein, Helmeringhausen, Henties Bay, Kamanjab, Khorixas, Luderitz, Mariental, Opuwo, Oshakati, Outjo, Rundu, Walvis Bay and other destinations.
All visitors require a passport for entry into Namibia, which must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the intended stay in the county, and have sufficient pages for entry and exit stamps. All visitors must also have a valid return ticket.
Visas are valid up to three months from the date of issue for stays of up to three months from date of entry. Extensions for a further three months are available from the Ministry of Home Affairs in Windhoek.
Applications Consulate (or Consular section at High Commission); see Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
(a) Valid passport
(b) Completed application form
(c) Two passport-size photos
(d) Return or onward ticket or proof of accommodation
(e) Fee Private: (a)-(e) and,
(f) Letter of invitation from Namibian resident. Business: (a)-(e) and,
(f) Company letter
(g) Letter from sponsoring company in Namibia
Temporary Residence Permit:
Apply to the High Commission or Embassy; see Namibian Ministry of Foreign Affairs website.
* Please note that a minimum of three working days are required for processing applications